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Virtual Job Interview Training: A Dose Response to Improve Employment for Transition-Age Youth With Disabilities




Virtual Interview Training for Transition-Age Youth and Virtual Reality Job Interview Training are job interview simulators with demonstrated effectiveness in randomized controlled trials. We evaluated their dose responses via secondary data analysis of 558 transition-age youth with disabilities in 47 schools where the simulators were implemented in quasi-experimental studies. Cut-point analyses determined dosing efficiency and efficacy to optimize competitive employment. The most efficient dose when accounting for the balance between dose and employment was completing nine virtual interviews. The most efficacious dose to maximize the likelihood of successful employment was 38, but varied across race, IQ, IDEA categories, and employment history. This study provides a novel approach to inform implementation guidelines for virtual interview training in pre-employment transition services. Limitations and implications for research and practice are discussed.




This study provides a novel approach to strengthen the field’s understanding of VIT-TAY and VR-JIT dosing efficiency and efficacy, which may assist Pre-ETS programs choosing to implement the virtual interview training tools. Overall, the results suggest that completing approximately nine virtual interviews may provide the optimal amount of training while trying to balance the amount of training completed with obtaining a competitive job. However, this recommendation should be considered within the limitations of the study design and analyses. Moreover, teachers are encouraged to weigh their students’ strengths and areas for growth against the recommended cut-points to individualize virtual interview training delivery, which can still be further tailored based on the students’ performances with the tools.